Can A Person With Undetectable Hiv Donate Blood

Can People With Hiv Donate Blood

For almost everyone who starts taking their HIV medication daily as prescribed, viral load will drop to an undetectable level in six months or less. Continuing to take HIV medications as directed is imperative to stay undetectable. HIV-positive people may also want to consider having an open and honest discussion with their partner. They can ask their healthcare providers to explain viral load and the risks of HIV transmission. If a person tests positive for HIV, their healthcare team may use viral load testing to monitor their condition. A smaller study looked at both male-female and male-male serodifferent couples who did not use condoms .
  • Whether the donor uses antiretrovirals for HIV treatment or as PrEP, the drugs could mask the presence of the virus in a blood donation.
  • Other tests must be performed which will give much more information about your health.
  • And of course, it is really important to have frank and open conversations about HIV transmission with your HIV-negative partner, so you and they can make informed decisions about sexual health.
  • Stopping or reducing antiretroviral therapy will give the virus a chance to accumulate and weaken the immune system again.
  • The tests do not give any information about when or how you became infected, or the state of your immune system.
  • On April 2, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration announced that it was updating its policy regarding blood donations from men who have sex with men , reducing the deferral period from 12 months to three months.

The following three research studies have focused on this question. To protect patients, blood is tested for transfusion transmissible diseases. If a donors blood tests positive, it will not be transfused to a patient. Donors will be notified about test results that may disqualify them from donating in the future. With proper adherence, ART can reduce HIV to such low levels that the virus can no longer be detected in normal blood tests. When a person living with HIV begins an antiretroviral treatment regimen, their viral load drops.

can a person with undetectable hiv donate blood

Medical facilities rely on a consistent supply of blood from donors to meet the needs of its patients and to ensure they are prepared for emergencies. Blood transfusions are used in surgery, for traumatic injuries, cancer patients, chronic diseases, and for those with blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia and hemophilia. In most cases, its fine to assume the blood product you are receiving is safe. But if you are worried, it is your right to ask the healthcare professional whether it has been tested for HIV or not.

One of these tests is for viral load, which measures how many copies of HIV are present in a milliliter of blood. An HIV-negative person will not be protected from being infected by any other HIV-positive partners who are not taking ART. Once you get to the point where your viral load is undetectable, it’s important to keep it undetectable. Surgeons, nurses and nursesâ aides should take precautions to avoid needlestick injuries, cuts with sharp instruments and exposure through skin lesions to potentially infectious blood and body fluids. And even if a gay or bi man has been celibate for three months, he can still be prevented from donating if he is taking PrEP, a medication that prevents HIV-negative people from becoming HIV-positive. Of the 591 men who have sex men who responded to the NHBS survey, 27 (4.8%) reported using PrEP around the time they donated blood.

Frequently Asked Questions

Taking antiretroviral medications during pregnancy and delivery can greatly reduce the risk of passing HIV on to a child. HIV-positive people may want to consider precautions to lower the risk of HIV transmission and to reduce the transmission of other sexually transmitted infections . An undetectable viral load is where the number of HIV copies is too low for detection by blood tests. This typically means fewer than 200 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood. The aim of antiretroviral treatment is to reach and maintain an undetectable viral load. People with undetectable viral loads must continue taking antiretroviral therapy.

Blood donations by people taking drugs to treat, prevent HIV could be ’cause for concern’ – Healio

Blood donations by people taking drugs to treat, prevent HIV could be ’cause for concern’.

Posted: Tue, 28 Jul 2020 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Real members of myHIVteam have posted questions and answers that support our community guidelines, and should not be taken as medical advice. Looking for the latest medically reviewed content by doctors and experts? Embalming the bodies of persons with a HIV infection presents a risk because HIV can live for hours in a deceased body.

Get answers to questions about HIV risk, PrEP, having children, and more here. If an HIV-positive woman is already taking antiretroviral medications, pregnancy may affect how the body processes her medication. People can also pass on HIV through other practices involving an exchange of bodily fluids, such as sharing needles and syringes. If you or someone you know struggles with drug addiction, there are resources that can help, including syringe services programs . SSPs are community-based prevention programs that provide new needles and syringes along with a safe way to dispose of used ones.

How Soon Can Hiv Antigen Be Detected

We would therefore like to see an urgent review of this, with changes made to the law if necessary. Many people find it difficult to talk about sex, even with the person who is closest to them. If this is the case, you might want to discuss your concerns with someone at your HIV clinic, sexual health clinic or a support organisation.

To better understand the nuances of this important discussion, read on. Just because you’re undetectable doesn’t mean there isn’t hiv in your system. Kinda like dipping a cup into the ocean & saying there’s no whales in the ocean.