Assisted Reproductive Technology: Islamic Perspective Contemporary Bioethics NCBI Bookshelf
In conclusion, it is fair to say that reproductive technologies are becoming more popular all around the world as well as in Islamic countries. The Islamic authorities have welcomed the new treatment technologies and are reconfiguring them in accordance with their own local religious moralities. Although Islam can have its different forms as it was discussed in this article. Sex ratio balancing in the family is considered acceptable by few scholars for very limited cases such as a wife who delivered five or six daughters and her husband has dire need for getting a boy! Centers performing the procedure should keep a record of all performed cases to ensure they are not choosing one sex only. Islamic Fiqh council of Islamic World League passed legal resolution in its 19th meeting held in November 2007, and banned gender selection performed specifically for social reasons.
The suit asserts that false information was presented regarding a donor who should not have been considered an appropriate candidate for a sperm donation program because of a diagnosis of ADHD. Reportedly, the situation is being studied by some of the world’s foremost experts in the genetics of autism because of the numbers of his offspring being diagnosed with autism. Also, if a lady isn’t getting pregnant naturally, and to avoid her divorce would it be wrong to go for egg/sperm donation ? Because no matter how loving you are, an adopted child would always be an adopted child, as he deserves to know his lineage. Once he knows his actual parents, its very likely that the love won’t be the same. In Shia’s point of view, adultery is despicable because it can make the family structure fall apart, while egg donation and embryo donation can save the family and the dignity of the couple which is an important purpose of Sharia.
The purpose of sperm donation is to provide pregnancies for women whose male partner is infertile or, more commonly, for women who do not have a male partner. The development of fertility medicine such as ICSI has enabled more and more heterosexual couples to produce their own children without the use of third-party gametes which has reduced the demand for sperm donation from this social group. However, at the same time, social attitudes and the social/legal framework has changed in that single women and LGBT+ women and couples can more easily have their own biological families and do so with the aid of sperm donation.
- Films and other fiction depicting emotional struggles of assisted reproductive technology have had an upswing first in the latter part of the 2000s , although the techniques have been available for decades.
- There is a ruling by some contemporary Muslim jurists that the stored sperm of the jailed husband can be used to impregnate his legitimate wife through artificial insemination.
- All forms of fertility treatment that involve the husband’s sperm and the wife’s egg are allowed.
- One sample will be divided into 1–20 vials or straws depending on the quantity of the ejaculate, whether the sample is washed or unwashed, or whether it is being prepared for IVF use.
- The number of pregnancies obtained from an individual donor in each country where his sperm is exported will be subject to any local or national rules which apply.
This is collected and delivered by courier and the female uses the donor’s sperm to inseminate herself, typically without medical supervision. This process preserves anonymity and enables a donor to produce sperm in the privacy of his own home. A donor will generally produce samples once or twice during a recipient’s fertile period, but a second sample each time may not have the same fecundity of the first sample because it is produced too soon after the first one.
Families sharing same donor
Natural insemination by a donor usually avoids the need for costly medical procedures that may require the intervention of third parties. It may lack some of the safety precautions and screenings usually built into the artificial insemination process but proponents claim that it produces higher pregnancy rates. A more ‘natural’ conception does not involve the intervention and intrusion of third parties. However, it has not been medically proved that natural insemination has an increased chance of pregnancy. Couples or individuals who need insemination by a third-party may seek assistance privately and directly from a friend or family member, or may obtain a "private" or "directed" donation by advertising or through a broker.
In 1884, Professor William Pancoast of Philadelphia’s Jefferson Medical College performed an insemination on the wife of a sterile Quaker merchant, which may be the first insemination procedure that resulted in the birth of a child. Instead of taking the sperm from the husband, the professor chloroformed the woman, then let his medical students vote which one of among them was "best looking", with that elected one providing the sperm that was then syringed into her cervix. At the husband’s request, his wife was never told how she became pregnant. As a result of this experiment, the merchant’s wife gave birth to a son, who became the first known child by donor insemination. The case was not revealed until 1909, when a letter by Addison Davis Hard appeared in the American journal Medical World, highlighting the procedure. Non-anonymous sperm donors are, to a substantially higher degree, driven by altruistic motives for their donations.
Egg donation in Islam, Is it Haram to Donate Eggs in Islam?
So for the love or sake of Muhammad for peoples, Allah change there minds and hearts of enemies of Muhammad then they becomes the followers of Muhammad. She has all the rights to divorce her husband who is medically impaired to the extent that she is becoming impatient to go for the forbidden option. And she may marry a healthy husband who could do the needful – only if she is impatient enough to become a sinner. And if she badly wanted to have children she can take divorce and married other man who is physically healthy for the purpose. All and any such responsibility and liability is expressly disclaimed. The recipient acknowledges and agrees that no person has, nor is held out as having, any authority to give any statement, warranty, representation, assurance or undertaking on behalf of the Organisations in connection with the content of this website.
By using these services, donors can find offspring despite the fact that they may have donated anonymously. If a sperm bank has access to world markets e.g. by direct sales, or sales to clinics outside their own jurisdiction, a male may donate for a longer period than two years, as the risk of consanguinity is reduced . The exam will include taking samples of your blood and urine to test for infectious diseases, such as HIV. If you become a regular sperm donor, you’ll need to have physical exams every six months while you provide sperm donations. Note that even in case that this woman who has donated an egg or ovum was an other wife of the husband scholars rather consider this procedure as rather haram. While it is perfectly halal if the fertilzation has been performed in a laboratory as long as the donated ovum and sperms come from the married couple.
Seeking a cure for infertility is not only permissible, but also encouraged in Islam. In Islamic law, all assisted reproductive technologies are allowed, provided that the source of the sperm, ovum, and uterus comes from a legally married couple during the span of their marriage. No third party should intrude upon the marital functions of sex and procreation. An excess number of fertilized embryos can be preserved by cryopreservation and may be transferred to the same wife in a successive cycle, while the marriage is intact. Using frozen sperm after the death of the husband is not permitted.
The qualified physician is the only person to practice medically assisted conception in all its permitted varieties. If he performs any of the forbidden techniques, he is guilty and he must be stopped from his morally illicit practice. An excess number of fertilized embryos can be preserved by cryopreservation. The frozen embryos are the property of the couple alone and may be transferred to the same wife in a successive cycle, but only during the duration of the marriage contract.
Who might Consider Using Donor eggs?
Movie plots involving artificial insemination by donor are seen in Made in America, Road Trip, The Back-Up Plan, The Kids Are All Right, Seasame Street, Starbuck, and Baby Mama, the latter also involving surrogacy. An Australian study concluded that potential donors who would still be willing to donate without a guarantee of anonymity were not automatically more open to extended or intimate contact with offspring. Even in the case of anonymous donation, some information about the donor may be released to recipients at the time of treatment. Limited donor information includes height, weight, eye, skin and hair colour. In the US, however, additional information may be given, such as a comprehensive biography and sound/video samples.
It is common to transfer only two to three fertilized eggs, although there are usually more fertilized eggs produced. When Sweden banned anonymous sperm donation in 1980, the number of active sperm donors dropped from approximately 200 to 30. At least 250 Swedish sperm recipients travel to Denmark annually for insemination. Some of this is also due to the fact that Denmark also allows single women to be inseminated. Several jurisdictions (e.g., Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Britain, Switzerland, Australia and New Zealand, and others) only allow non-anonymous sperm donation. This is generally based on the principle that a child has a right to know his or her biological origins.