Can You Get Hiv From Donating Blood

Can I get HIV from donating blood? Miller-Keystone Blood Center, Pennsylvania & New Jersey

Human Rights Campaign believes that the updated policy, like its precursors, does not treat persons with like risks in a similar way. It also believes that donors are deferred based on their membership in a group in this case, all men who have sex with men rather than engagement in risky behavior, such as unprotected sex. For example, a man who has had protected oral sex with another man once in the 3 months currently barred from donating blood. Any change or alteration in the regulations governing donor suitability must be based in science. The federal government must invest in new research to study risk behavior. One of the two people in Tampa Bay, Fla., who became infected with HIV through a blood transfusion is suing Florida Blood Services, the not-for-profit agency that collected and screened the blood, the reports .

The FDA had originally placed a lifetime ban on blood donations for men who have sex with men that was in 1983, two years after the first AIDS patient was diagnosed. HIV infection cannot be spread through ordinary day-to-day contact such as shaking hands or sharing personal objects, food or water. Activities such as eating and drinking with friends or family, sharing washing or toilet facilities, and hugs and kisses are all safe.

  • In the first few weeks after initial infection, individuals may experience no symptoms or a flu-like illness including fever, headache, rash or sore throat.
  • There are no documented cases of HIV being transmitted through spitting as HIV is not transmitted through saliva.
  • In April 2020, in light of COVID-19-related blood shortages, the FDA further reduced the deferral to 3 months to respond to the urgent need for safe blood products.
  • Drinking plenty of water and eating a balanced, healthy diet is always a good choice, but its even more important on the days leading up to plasma donation.

It makes up about 55% of the total volume of an individual’s blood. Plasma donation is the process of collecting a donor’s blood, separating the plasma portion of the blood from the blood cells, and then returning the blood cells to the donor. This process takes between 1 to 2 hours and is known as plasmapheresis.

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Groups such as the Human Rights Campaign advocate for the FDA to revise donation eligibility to evaluate the risk of sexual behaviors equally, without regard to sexual orientation or gender identity. You might want to do a little research on plasma centers to see who pays the most. Depending on where you live you can receive up to 65$ each time you donate. If you received $65 per donation and give once a week, you will earn $260 a month. PrEP and PEP are both forms of HIV prevention for people who are HIV-negative.

Any time additional people are allowed into the donor pool its a good thing, said Susan Forbes, Florida spokeswoman for OneBlood. From mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. However, the use of HIV medicines and other strategies have helped lower the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to 1% or less in the United States. However, the law on HIV may not have caught up with the science.

This is why the infection is transmitted so easily from an infected man to another man. You should tell those with whom you recently or regularly had sexual contact. You should also tell your doctor and any other doctor who may look after you, particularly if it may help in diagnosing an illness. Your dentist should be informed about the HIV-positive status so that he/she can take the necessary precautions in the surgery to prevent the spread of infection. The lifetime ban on gay men giving blood was imposed in 1985, the year actor Rock Hudson died of AIDS-related illness. It included all men whod had sex with another man since 1977, the year the AIDS virus is thought to have first become present.

People who inject drugs are also at risk for getting HIV if they engage in risky sexual behaviors like having sex without protection . Used needles, syringes, and other injection equipment may have someone else’s blood on them, and blood can carry HIV. HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. However, it is less common because of advances in HIV prevention and treatment.

During those years, no less than 6,000 hemophiliacs in the United States became infected with HIV, hepatitis, or both. He was given a mask and taken inside, where doctors conducted several exams, including a COVID-19 test. When his story was featured in the Philadelphia Gay News, Morrison received several phone calls and messages from people suggesting that he donate his plasma. In most cases, its fine to assume the blood product you are receiving is safe. But if you are worried, it is your right to ask the healthcare professional whether it has been tested for HIV or not.


With ART, HIV-infected individuals can live healthy and productive lives. The FDA recently reduced from 12 months to three months the deferral period that men must wait to give blood after having had sex with another man. Some blood donation centers may also require that a donor be off PrEP for 30 days before donating. Hospitalized patients who had fewer blood transfusions had lower risks of infection, according to a large analysis.

Blood transfusions are used in surgery, for traumatic injuries, cancer patients, chronic diseases, and for those with blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia and hemophilia. Since there is not an artificial substitute for blood, physicians rely on blood donation to save the lives of approximately 4.5 million people each year. Other activities may also require you to postpone your blood donation, such as having a tattoo or body piercing or if you are living with a certain health condition. HIV transmission can occur when the blood from an HIV-positive caregiver’s mouth mixes with food while chewing and an infant eats it.

One common inpatient therapy is transfusion of red blood cells. More than 37,000 units of red blood cells are transfused every day in the United States. Transfusions can replace blood lost during surgery or after a serious injury. Transfusions may also help people who are unable to make enough blood due to an illness, such as cancer or kidney failure. Transfusions are often given when patients have low levels of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein in red blood cells.