HIV: Can You Spread It With an Undetectable Viral Load?
A viral load is considered undetectable if a test can’t quantify the HIV particles in 1 milliliter of the blood. If a viral load is considered undetectable, it means the medication is working. Furthermore, it remains at least theoretically possible that such a blood donation could transmit the virus to its recipient. The organization recommends that women with an undetectable viral load avoid breastfeeding.
However, stopping treatment or missing doses allows the virus to begin multiplying, causing it to become detectable in the blood again. It is important to ask your health care provider for advice that is targeted to you as an individual, and to your partner, about the risks of passing HIV. And of course, it is really important to have frank and open conversations about HIV transmission with your HIV-negative partner, so you and they can make informed decisions about sexual health. Being undetectable also means that you dont have to worry about passing HIV onto your sexual partners. For many people this is just as important to them, giving them relief from the anxiety of passing HIV on. Some people find that knowing theyre undetectable makes it easier to with others, as it can be reassuring for others to know that your health is protected and you cant pass it on too.
@RedCross Can a person who is HIV+ donate blood?
My viral load us undetectable and my t-cell count is over 800. Since a person with these stats cannot infe st a person, maybe I could give blood. I would like to volunteer as a subject for these investigations
— Yolanda Cruz-Santana (@Crazygrandma646) January 7, 2021
A high CVL may put people within that community who don’t have HIV at greater risk of contracting it. Condoms correctly and consistently when having sex is an effective STI prevention method. These increased viral loads may occur between tests, and there may be no symptoms. The Food and Drug Administration already bans people living with HIV from donating blood. That said, people who have the virus but do not know it could wind up giving blood, only to be diagnosed through the process.
Can You Get Hiv Through Kissing
During the second year on treatment, the chance of your therapy ceasing to work is about one in twenty and this declines further over the next decade to about a one-in-fifty chance of failure in any one year. HIV-positive people may also want to consider having an open and honest discussion with their partner. They can ask their healthcare providers to explain viral load and the risks of HIV transmission. People with undetectable viral loads cant pass HIV on through sex. The screening process makes sure you are healthy enough to donate and to make sure you have no diseases that can contaminate the blood supply. You will be tested for blood-borne illness to determine if you are a good candidate for donating blood.
- At that point, the immune system will typically be strong enough to fight off infections and diseases.
- People undergoing antiretroviral therapy will typically receive a viral load test at 6 and 12 months after starting treatment.
- A doctor will recommend going for a viral load test at least every 12 months after that.
- HIV infection cannot be spread through ordinary day-to-day contact such as shaking hands or sharing personal objects, food or water.
- The first viral load blood test is usually performed soon after a diagnosis of HIV.
HIV-positive people may want to consider precautions to lower the risk of HIV transmission and to reduce the transmission of other sexually transmitted infections . A persons viral load is considered durably undetectable when all viral load test results are undetectable for at least six months after their first undetectable test result. This means that most people will need to be on treatment for 7 to 12 months to have a durably undetectable viral load.
How to prevent the virus from being transmitted to others
The human immunodeficiency virus is one of the world’s leading infectious diseases, claiming more than 25 million lives over the last 30 years. In 2010, there were approximately 34 million people living with HIV. The risk of HIV transmission will increase substantially if someone’s HIV viral load goes up, for example if they miss medication doses or stop taking their ART. This campaign promotes key medical information that is important for people living with HIV to know, but it is also an important concept that reduces HIV stigma in the community.
If you would like to get in contact with someone who also has HIV infection, one of these organizations may be able to put you in touch with a local support group. As the infection progressively weakens the person’s immune system, the individual can develop other signs and symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhoea and cough. Without treatment, they could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi’s sarcoma, among others. We have very few data on how effective ART is in preventing HIV transmission via sharing injection drug equipment. Real members of myHIVteam have posted questions and answers that support our community guidelines, and should not be taken as medical advice. Looking for the latest medically reviewed content by doctors and experts?
How Long Can I Live With Hiv
HIV medicine called antiretroviral therapy slows or stops the virus from growing. When you take it every day as prescribed, your viral load should come down to a very low level. A low viral load means a person is less likely to transmit HIV. But it’s important to note that the viral load test only measures the amount of HIV that’s in the blood.
Blood banks also ask people if theyve paid for or been paid for sex in the past three months, and if theyve used needles to inject drugs or steroids not prescribed by a doctor in the past three months. But in general, straight donors are not asked for details about their sex lives. A straight person who engages in unprotected casual sex could be permitted to donate over a gay or bisexual man in a monogomous relationship. Before the introduction of testing for HIV in the mid-1980s, thousands of Canadians were infected through tainted blood products. The Canadian Red Cross Society introduced a donor eligibility screening criterion that excluded all men who have had sex with men even once since 1977, as was also done in the USA. This criterion was embedded into Health Canada regulations in 1992.