Can Trans Women Donate Blood

This Is What It’s Like To Get A Period When You Aren’t A Woman

For example, the American Red Cross refers to the recommendation as a "federal requirement" that must be followed. A similar policy exists in the rest of the European Union and is the prevailing interpretation of the European Union Directive 2004–33/EC article 2.1 on donor deferrals. The policy, however, is not very specific and refers to "high risk sexual contact". Hélder Trindade, President of the Portuguese Institute of Blood and Transplantation , stated in 2015 that sexually abstinent homosexuals may give blood, but that MSM is definitely seen as a risk factor. From March 2022, the Republic of Ireland will reduce the deferral period from 1 year to 4 months. Donating blood is vital to public health as it is a safe, quick, and easy way to help doctors and nurses save lives.

This was an era when trans people were thought of as “perverts, deviants, and mentally ill,” she explained. Chlamydia, venereal warts , or genital herpes are not a cause for deferral if you are feeling healthy and well and meet all other eligibility requirements. Acceptable if it has been more than 3 months since you completed treatment for syphilis or gonorrhea. Wait 3 months if there is any question whether or not the instruments used were single-use equipment. This requirement is related to concerns about hepatitis. Acceptable if you are healthy and well and have been vaccinated for measles more than 4 weeks ago or were born before 1956.

According to the American Red Cross, plasma is generally replenished within 24 hours, while red blood cells return to their normal levels within 4 to 6 weeks. Donating red blood cells, plasma, or platelets can take 90 minutes to 3 hours. Even with the rigid policy, the FDA says change is possible. The next step in the process of removing the lifetime blood ban for MSM will be when the FDA issues revised measures to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV, including the proposed change in the MSM policy. But if future studies do show a similar link, "blood centers and transfusion services will need to mitigate this risk," Cable and Edgren said in their editorial. This might be done by matching donors and recipients based on sex, or by modifying donor blood in such a way as to further remove immune system factors that might be responsible for the link, they said.

The most common medication used to block testosterone is spironolactone or "spiro." Some also have their testicles removed so that they can take a lower dose of estrogen and not need a testosterone blocker. It’s nonsensical to ban a group of healthy men who can give blood. Telling men they can’t give blood based on their sexual orientation, instead of their sex practices, is blatant government-condoned discrimination. Eating the right things before you donate blood can reduce your risk for side effects. Donating blood is an easy way to help others and possibly even save lives. Most people in good health, without any risk factors, can donate whole blood every 56 days.

Versiti is a fusion of donors, scientific curiosity, and precision medicine that recognize the gifts of blood and life are precious. We are passionate about improving the lives of patients and helping our healthcare partners thrive. Versiti’s research has been used to support modifying the MSM donor policy to make blood donation more accessible. However, the FDA regulates blood donation requirements at the federal level.

Blood Donations

New Zealand3 months3 monthsSince 14 December 2020, New Zealand implemented a 3-month deferral period – down from a 1-year deferral period. Due to a lack of effective screening methods, a poor understanding of potential risk factors, and heterosexist perceptions, the U.S. implemented a lifelong ban on MSM, preventing them from donating blood between 1985 and 2015. Another student noted that the Blood Service ad campaigns imply that everyone can donate, when that’s not the reality. “It can feel really demeaning when they phrase it as if young people are lazy and selfish and aren’t donating blood, whereas in reality we’re just too gay,” he said. “Trans donors who have not had gender-affirming genital surgery will be screened by their assigned birth sex,” a policy statement from Canadian Blood Services reads. That said, Tassignon did note that the World Health Organization lists transgender people as one of five potential risk groups for HIV, alongside men who have sex with men, prisoners, sex workers, and intravenous drug users.

Many heart, lung, and kidney conditions can be diagnosed using blood tests. A man who habitually donates blood has had his donation refused after he failed to indicate on a transgender ideology-inspired official form whether or not he was pregnant. Some people have allergic reactions to the blood given during transfusions. This can happen even when the blood given is the right blood type. However, mild problems and, very rarely, serious problems can occur.

The risk of breast cancer may increase slightly, but will still be at less of a risk than a non-transgender female. Since there is not a lot of research on the use of estrogen for feminizing treatment, there may be other unknown risks, especially for those who have used estrogen for many years. If there is any chance you may want to parent a child from your own sperm, speak with your medical provider about preserving your sperm in a sperm bank. This process generally takes 2-4 weeks and costs roughly $2000-$3000. It is best to store your sperm before beginning treatment, to avoid any risk of reduced sperm count due to hormone therapy that could impact your ability to conceive a child.

As of December 2016, the American Red Cross reports that MSM may be eligible to donate blood if they did not have sex with another man in more than 12 months. The American Red Cross website specifies that this 12-month deferral does also apply to transgender men who have sex with men, but does not apply to transgender women who have sex with men. On April 2, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration announced that it was updating its policy regarding blood donations from men who have sex with men , reducing the deferral period from 12 months to three months. Blood centers nationwide screen potential donors by asking a set of questions written to determine risk factors that could indicate possible infection with a transmissible disease, such as HIV or hepatitis.

Transgender Breastfeeding

You must be aged between 17 and 30 and your details are kept on the register until you are 60. Even if you can’t donate to your relative, you might be able to become a donor for someone else. American Cancer Society medical information is copyrighted material. For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy. After the bone marrow is harvested, the donor is taken to the recovery room while the anesthesia wears off. The donor may then be taken to a hospital room and watched until fully alert and able to eat and drink.

But it took a national emergency for things to finally shift a bit. InApril 2020, as blood donations plummeted due to the pandemic, the FDA updated its restriction to a three-month abstinence period before donating. In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, gay Harvard physician Jack Turban told Vox and The Daily Show with Trevor Noah that after he recovered from COVID-19 infection that he wanted to donate plasma for clinical trials. This resulted in 20 Attorneys General writing to The Department of Health and Human Services asking for the restrictions on MSM blood donations to be lifted.

The presence of antibodies to Human Leukocyte Antigens in the blood can cause an adverse reaction in patients receiving blood including lung injury and poor response to platelet transfusions. Men and women who received kidneys donated by females also faced a slightly higher risk of death. Removing the ban would alleviate that stigma and create a new resource that could help save the lives of millions of Americans. To make that happen faster, Halkitis recommends making your voice heard, no matter your sexual orientation. “Like with all social-justice matters, it is imperative that that allies of the LGBTQ+ populations work to voice their concerns about the ongoing blood ban,” he says. At the time, doctors were only beginning to examine how exactly HIV was transmitted and whom it could affect.

Throughout the history of the FDA, transgender people report being misgendered, shamed, and stigmatized by blood donation officials because of their gender identity. It’s time, as they argue, to bring the FDA into the 21st century. There is not much scientific evidence regarding the risks of cancer in transgender women. We believe the risk of prostate cancer will go down, but we can’t be sure.

In May, the FDA proposed new guidelines — which the agency has recently accepted comments on, though a timeline for finalizing the rules is unclear — that would relax the ban. It would defer men who have had sex with men within the previous year. It’s also important to ensure that you are well hydrated in the days leading up to your donation. This will help to compensate for the fluids lost during donation, and will help to bring your blood volume levels back to normal.

National blood policy and organization

PART OF WHAT MAKES the current ban so archaic is that when it was instated, the U.S. didn’t have the sensitive detection methods for HIV in donated blood. Every blood donation is tested for HIV in two different ways . As a result, the rate of accidentally acquiring HIV through a blood transfusion is extremely low—roughly one in 1.5 million. The Michigan Daily, the student newspaper of the University of Michigan, editorialized in favor of a loosening of the MSM blood donation policy. In the 1980s, when the HIV/AIDS epidemic outbreak occurred, there was a high prevalence of the disease on MSM and no reliable tests for the virus, which justified blanket bans on blood donations from high-risk groups. Blood services first and foremost must ensure that all blood received for donation is safe for transfusion purposes.

Related to Practical Guidelines for Transgender Hormone Treatment

The National Institutes of Health Blood Bank have a process called Double Red Cell Apheresis . DRCA allows blood bank workers to take two units of power red, the equivalent of two donations, in one sitting. Plasma is the watery fluid that transports cells and replaces blood volume. It is required to maintain blood pressure and assist in clotting. If you meet any of the following criteria you will be permanently deferred, which means you cannot donate blood. If you are permanently deferred, you cannot donate blood.

Ask your medical provider if you have further questions about the risks, health monitoring needs, and other long term considerations when taking hormone therapy. Consider the effects of hormone therapy as a second puberty, and puberty normally takes years for the full effects to be seen. Taking higher doses of hormones will not necessarily bring about faster changes, but it could endanger your health. And because everyone is different, your medicines or dosages may vary widely from those of your friends, or what you may have seen on YouTube, or read in books or in online forums.

If a possible stem cell donor is found to be a good match for a recipient, steps are taken to teach the donor about the transplant process and make sure they are making an informed decision. If a person decides to donate, a consent form must be signed after the risks of donating are fully discussed. Hematocrit Hematocrit in the blood is the proportion of the blood that consists of red blood cells, by volume. A low hematocrit level may signal anemia, or other conditions such as loss of blood, nutritional deficiency, bone marrow problems, and abnormal hematocrit. High hematocrit levels may be due to chronic smoking, living at high altitudes, dehydration, or other conditions and diseases.

"It’s hard to cover masculine underwear, so I have to use at least three pads at any given time."

Both forms of breast growth for mtf transition would seemingly be better than male to female surgery. Transitioning from male to female can be a bit of a process, but with the right methods, you will be on your way in no time! Levine says that although they screen for STIs, the tests they run are mostly looking for HIV, hepatitis, syphilis, active gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Levine says, “HPV is so incredibly common amongst the young sexually active population, that we can’t discriminate against that. And if you test positive for Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, or syphilis, you can’t donate, as those can be transmitted and passed on. Rates vary from clinic to clinic, but this is due in part to the strict screening process.

Later that week the Minister for Health Simon Harris agreed to the recommendations and announced the reduction would take place. However no timeline was reported for the implementation of the new policies. But does a ban of this length really decrease the likelihood of HIV ending up in the blood pool?

Kaiser wants compensation for the money she would have made by donating blood along with financial damages for “embarrassment, humiliation, emotional pain and anguish,” the lawsuit said. "You may give blood during a period, but if you’re having a particularly heavy period it would be better for you not to," Dunkley explains. "This is because any form of blood loss can reduce the iron levels in your body and potentially make you feel unwell for a short time. If you are having medical investigations please wait until these have been completed, too."

Normal range is 4.7 to 6.1 cells/mcL for males and 4.2 to 5.4 million cells/mcL for females. The mean cell volume measures the approximate size of the red blood cell. Blood cells—red, which carry oxygen; white, which fight infection; and platelets, which help with clotting—are produced in your bone marrow.

Scott is suing CSL Plasma for violation of Minnesota law — which, like Washington law, bans discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Much like Kaiser, Scott says in her lawsuit the ban should not apply to her. “At no point, either before or after her transition process, has ever been a gay man or engaged in any sexual contact with a man,” the suit says. The Florida-based CSL Plasma bills itself as one of the largest collectors of blood products in world, operating more than 85 donation centers in the United States — including the one Kaiser visited in Kent, Washington. Along with Kaiser’s legal action, it faces another similar discrimination lawsuit in federal court in Minnesota.

Causes of polycythemia are either primary or secondary . Surgeons try to reduce the amount of blood lost during surgery so that fewer patients need blood transfusions. Sometimes they can collect and reuse the blood for the patient. Getting many blood transfusions can cause too much iron to build up in your blood . People who have a blood disorder like thalassemia, which requires multiple transfusions, are at risk for iron overload. Iron overload can damage your liver, heart, and other parts of your body.

Matching donor cells

Therefore, more studies are needed to confirm the results, Cable and Edgren said. For now, the criteria for donating blood should not change, they said. Transgender rights advocates are to contact the Irish Blood Transfusion Service to discuss the service’s policy on blood donations from trans people.

Ovarian cancer is relatively rare but accounts for a disproportionate number of cancer deaths because it is too often diagnosed at an advanced stage. If it is found early, it can be a highly treatable disease. For trans men, ovarian cancer poses an extra challenge, due not only increased risk factors and decreased access to healthcare but also to the increased levels of discrimination faced by the trans community.

Especially such blood donation requirements for females become furthermore important and critical given its health benefits. Blood is the medium of transporting oxygen and other nutrients to the cells of the body and carrying back the metabolic wastes so as to remove the wastes through the waste excretion mechanism. But even according to the exact FDA policy, Deutsch said, trans people like Kaiser should not be uniformly refused under FDA rules. But the most publicized — and most contested — ban applies to men who have sex with men. For now, experts say there isn’t enough data to support changing current blood donation policies, but the findings suggest that more research is needed on the role that gender, and pregnancy, may play in blood transfusions outcomes.

However, it is important that all blood donations are safe, with no risk of passing bloodborne infections to the recipient or causing other potential complications due to incompatible blood types. At the start of the year, the UK lifted the three-month ban on donations from gay men who have been sexually active, moving to a policy that focuses on individual sexual behaviour. Gay men and trans women who have been in an exclusive relationship for more than three months can now donate blood in the UK. On June 8, the American Red Cross implemented the changes to donor eligibility criteria announced earlier this spring by the FDA. The criteria for donating blood allow most of the population to donate regularly. Local blood banks have information on how many blood donors they need and how the process of donating works.

The National Union of Students LGBT Campaign runs a "Donation Not Discrimination" campaign to have the blood ban changed, while also advocating continued donation by those who are not banned from donating. In April 2010, the New York City Council passed a resolution calling on the U.S. Sweden6 months6 months Since May 1, 2021 Sweden lowered the deferral period from 1 year to 6 months. IsraelNo deferralNo deferralSince 1 October 2021, Israel completely removed all restrictions on gay and bi men donating blood. The person’s answers will identify any potential risk factors and determine whether they are a suitable candidate to donate blood.

Women are ineligible to give blood if they’ve had sex with a man who’s had sex with another man in the past year. The first time I outright deceived the Red Cross, I was a freshman in college. They asked if I’d had sex with man since 1977, and I didn’t miss a beat. “Nope.” They then took my blood and thanked me profusely for donating.

Meanwhile, in Ireland, pro-transgenderism militants have been attacking the country’s state-owned broadcaster, after a radio show broadcast by the company enabled open discussion of transgender ideology. DVT Slideshow Deep vein thrombosis is a dangerous and sometimes fatal blood clot that occurs deep within the lower leg or thigh. Understand the symptoms, treatment and prevention of deep vein thrombosis . There’s currently no manufactured alternative to human blood.

The second shot is administered 2-6 months after the first shot. This distinguishes it from Zostavax, the live shingles vaccine, which is given as a single dose and requires a 4-week deferral. Do not give blood if at any time you received HIV treatment also known as antiretroviral therapy . Stress, nutrition, illness, hydration, weight, activity, environment and even consumption of certain ingredients can affect the results of the physical exam. If your result does not meet the minimum/maximum requirement at the time of your attempted donation you will not be permitted to donate.